Proceedings of IWMS-15

15th International Wood Machining Seminar

July 30 - August 1, 2001
Loyola Marymount University
Los Angeles, California, USA

Sponsored By Wood Machining Institute
In Cooperation with Forest Products Society
And The International Union of Forest Research Organizations

Table of Contents

Keynote Address

Safe Design of Wood Machining Operations, by R. Birkeland, University of Norway, Aas, Norway

Session I: The Basic Cutting Process

A computer Program for Deriving Peripheral Loading on Rotary Tools from Edge Forces, by W.M. McKenzie, Canfield, North Victoria, Australia

Effect of Pressure and Overlap of Debarking Tips on the Debarking Quality with Balsam Fir Logs in Winter Conditions. B. Laganiere, Forintek Canada Corp., Ste-Foy, Quebec, Canada, and R. Hernandez, University of Laval, Ste-Foy, Quebec, Canada

High Performance Cutting Processes in Woodworking. H.-J. Gittel, LEUCO Ledermann GmbH, Horb, Germany

Study of the Rotary Cutting Process (90-0): Relations Between Mechanical Characteristics, Density and Cutting Forces. F. Eyma and P-J. Meausoone, ENSTIB, University of Nancy, Epinal, France; P. Martin, ENSAM, Metz, France

Choice of Optimal Cutting Conditions in Wood Machining with the "Tool-Material Pairing" Method. Meausoone, P-J, University Henri Poincare, ENSTIB, Epinal Cedex, France; A. Aguilera, Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia, Chile; P. Martin, ENSAM, Metz Cedex, France

Chipless Molding of Veneer and Plywood. A. Wagenfuehr, Dresden University of Technology, Institute of Wood and Paper Technologies, Dresden, Germany

Session II: Tool Materials and Tool Wear

The Effect of Material Properties on Circular Saw Performance: Comparing Stainless and Conventional Alloy Steels. W. Bird, California Saw and Knife Works, Inc., San Francisco, California

Stellite Alloys for Wood Cutting - an Overview. J. Wu and L. DeJong, Deloro Stellite Group, St. Louis, Missouri, USA

Effects of the Knife Jointing and Wear on the Planed Surface Quality of Sugar Maple Wood. R. Hernandez, G. Rojas, Department of Science of Wood and the Forest, University Laval, Quebec, Canada

The Effect of Glue Type on Planer Knife Wear in Laminated Products. R. Anderson, Forest Research, Rotorua; J. Kelly, Waiariki Institute of Technology, TiTC, Rotorua; J. Turner and P. Bayne, Forest Research, Rotorua, New Zealand

Synergism of the Abrasive and Electrochemical Wear of Steel Tools Used in Wood Peeling. by P. Beer, SGGW, Warsaw, Poland

Tool Coatings for Wood Machining. J. Sheikh-Ahmad, Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, Kansas, USA

Session III: Developments in Wood Processing Machines

New moving Systems in Machining Wood. R. Fischer, Dresden University of Technology, Dresden, Germany

Influence of Log Characteristics and Machine Performance on Eucalyptus Board End Splitting and Board Deflections. J.N. Garcia, and E. de Alvarenga Crespo, Wood Engineering Laboratory, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil

Industrial Machining of Douglas Fir with Various Tools and Materials. G. Goli, University of Florence, Florence, Italy; R. Marchal, ENSAM, Laboratory of Materials and Processes, Cluny, France; M. Negri, Institute of Wood Technology, San Michele, Italy

The Structural Position of Wood Processing Machines in Turkey and Examination of Development Possibilities. A. Kurtoglu, D.H. Koc and B. Aksu, Faculty of Forestry, University of Istanbul, Turkey

Reserves for Enhancing the Lumber Yield at the Sawmill. L. S. Surovtseva, Arkhangelsk State Technical University, Arkhangelsk, Russia

Session IV: Advances in Sawing

Influence of Workpiece Contact on Guided Saw Cutting Behavior. G. S. Schajer and S. Udupi, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B. C., Canada

Remodeled Bandsaw to Control Washboarding During Sawing. S. Kimura, H. Yokochi, M. Edamura, and Y. Kojima, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan; Y. Kojima, Kojima Industrial Co., Ltd., Japan.

Washboarding in Bandsaws. S. G. Hutton, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C., Canada

Washboarding During Cutting on Frame Sawing Machines. K. Orlowski, and R.E. Wasielewski, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Gdansk, Poland

Sawing Accuracy of Stellite-tipped and Swage-set Bandsaw Blades When Sawing Tropical Hardwoods at a Ghanian Sawmill. R. Okai, Forestry Research institute of Ghana, Kumasi, Ghana

Analytical Method of Accuracy Rating of Wood Sawing on Band-Sawing Machines. G. F. Prokofjev, N.L. Dundin, and I.I. Ivankin, Arkhangelsk State Technical University, Arkhangelsk, Russia

Dynamic Analysis of High Elastic rod Tensing System on Band Saws. J. Yu, J. Gao and G. Zhu, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin, China; C. Tanaka, Shimane University, Matsue, Japan

Session V: Veneer Cutting

Some Considerations About Energy Balance Between Friction, Fracture and Viscoelastic Strains During Veneer Cutting at Different Temperatures. B. Thibaut, Cirad Foret/CNRS, Montpellier, and Beauchene, J., Cirad Foret, Kourou, France

Influence of the Nose Bar Settings on Tool Instabilities in the Peeling Process. F. Mothe, Lerfob-INRA, Seichamps, France; and R. Marchal, LaBoMaP-ENSAM, Cluny, France

Veneer Peeling Process: Efficiency of a "Slanted-Elastic Pressure" Nosebar Allowing Automatic Adjustments of the Lead and the Gap. E.S. Bakar, IPB, Bogor, Indonesia, R. Marchal, J.C. Butaud, and R. Collet, ENSAM, Cluny, France

Session VI: Machining and Surface Quality

New investigation into Machining of Parquet Flooring. U. Heisel, University of Stuttgart, Germany

Routing of Low Density Edge-Glued Pine Panel Board. S. Moloney, D. Lally, D.O. Sullivan and J. Browne, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland

Optimization of Dust and Chip Exhaust Systems at Routing Machines and Machining Centers. H.-W. Hoffmeister, and J. Blecken, J., Technical University, Braunschweig, Germany

The Roughness of Circular Saw Cut Surfaces-Analytical and Experimental Method, Techniques and Results. L. Badescu, Faculty of Wood Industry, Transilvania University of Brasov, Romania

Abrasive Wear and Annual Ring Structure of Wood. T. Ohtani, T., Faculty of Science and Engineering, Shimane University, Matsue, Japan; T. Yakou, Faculty of Engineering, Yokohama National University, Yokohama, Japan; C. Tanaka, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Shimane University, Matsue, Japan; and S. Kitayama, Graduate School of Agriculture, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Fuchu, Japan

Wood Fiber-Plastic Composites: Machining and Surface Quality. U. Buehlmann, D. Saloni, J. Taylor, and R. Lemaster, Department of Wood and Paper Science, North Carolina State University Raleigh, North Carolina

Subsurface Deformations in Wood Machining. H.-W. Hoffmeister and T.A. Schnettker, Technical University, Braunschweig, Germany

Compression of the Surface Layer by Upmilling and Detection Methods. F. Scholz, Faculty of Woodworking, Fachhochschule Rosenheim, Rosenheim, Germany

Fundamental Relationships of Wood Surface Roughness at Milling Operations. E. Magoss, and G. Sitkei, University of Forestry and Wood Science, Sopron, Hungary

Session VII: Monitoring and Process Control

Use of Acoustic Emission and Image Analysis for Adaptive Control of Abrasive Machining. Richard L. Lemaster, D. Saloni and J.B. Taylor, Wood Machining & Tooling Research Program, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA

Automatic Detection of Router Bit Failure During Routing. C. Tanaka, N. Zhu, T. Otani, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Shimane University, Matsue, Japan

In-Process Controlled Robots Can Improve Quality. M. Lenner, and J-E. Andersson, Wood Science and Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Linkoping University, Sweden

Poster Presentations

Determination of Wear on Cutting Edges. C. Gottloeber, R.-J. Fischer, and R. Fischer, Dresden University of Technology, Institute of Wood and Paper Technologies, Dresden, Germany

Characteristics of Corrosive Wear of Coated High-Speed Steel Tools. Fukuda, H., K. Banshoya, and Y. Murase, University of Ryukyus, Nishihara, Japan

Wood-Induced Electrochemical Corrosion of Steel. P. Beer, J. Kaminski, T. Wierzchon, A. Sokolowska, University of Agriculture, Warsaw, Poland, and S. Tschegg, Christian Doppler Laboratory, Vienna, Austria

Investigations of Wear Resistance of New Stellite 700 Series Grades for Saw Tipping. R. Szymani, Wood Machining Institute, Berkeley, California, USA; J. H. Tylczak, J. A. Hawk, M. Ziomek-Moroz, U.S. Department of Energy, Albany Research Center, Albany, Oregon, USA; and J. B. C. Wu, Deloro Stellite Group, Ltd., St. Louis, Missouri, USA

Duplex Treatment Based on the Combination of Ion Nitriding and PVD Process: Application in Wood Machining. C. Nouveau, M.-A. Djouadi, P. Jacquet, R. Marchal, M. Lambertin, ENSAM, Cluny, France, P. Beer, SGGW, Warsaw, Poland, and L. Imhoff, LRRS, University of Burgundy, Dijon, France

Influence of the Shape of Wood Cutting Tools on the Morphology and the Adhesion of Cr (x) N (y) Coatings Deposited by Magnetron Sputtering Method, by C. Nouveau, M.-A. Djouadi, R. Marchal, ENSAM, Cluny, France, P. Beer, SGGW, Warsaw, Poland, and C. Deces-Petit, NRC, Vancouver, BC, Canada

The Frame Sawing Machine for Lean and Accurate Cutting. R. Wasielewski, K. Orlowski, Department of Manufacturing Engineering and Automation, Technical University of Gdansk, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Gdansk, Poland

Whole Body Vibrations Transmitted to the Frame Saw Operator. V. Goglia, Faculty of Forestry, University of Zagreb, Croatia

Lateral Operating Saw Blade Stiffness. K. Orlowski and K. Kalinski, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Gdansk, Poland

Analysis and Study of the Dynamic Characteristics of Wood Machines. Z. Li, J. Yu and Y. Qi, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin, China; and M. Xu, Qingdao Wood Machinery Factory, Qingdao, China

Assessment of Sawing Characteristics of Three Ghanaian Lesser-Used Timber Species. R. Okai, Forestry Research institute of Ghana, Kumasi, Ghana.

Determination of Forces Generated on the Tooth During the Fine Circular Cutting of Wood. L. Badescu, L. Negreanu, C. Negreanu, and L. Negreanu, Faculty of Wood Industry, Transilvania University of Brasov-Romania

Modeling Cutting Parameters to Control NC Milling. P. Hemmila and A. Usenius, VTT Building Technology, Espoo, Finland; C. Gottloeber and R. Fischer, Dresden University of Technology, Dresden, Germany

Change in Revolution Speeds of Band Saw Wheels During Sawing. K. Murata, Y. Ikami, and K. Fujiwara, Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan

Recognition of Wood Cutting Conditions Through Cutting Sounds: Relationship Between Surface Roughness and Cutting Sound Characteristics in Orthogonal Cutting with a Cap Iron. K. Nagatomi and K. Yoshida, Miyazaki University, Miyazaki; K. Banshoya, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima; Y. Murase, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan

Development of Innovative Milling Tools with Interior Disposal of Chips and the Implementation into Industrial Practice. M. Oertel and R. Fischer, Dresden University of Technology, Institute of Wood and Paper Technologies, Dresden, Germany

The Effect of Grain Orientation on Swelling of Chips in Orthogonal Cutting. S. Ozaki, H. Yonenobu, M. Nagahama, College of Education, Naruto University of Education, Naruto, Japan; S. Kimura and C. Xianbao, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan

Effects of Aerodynamic Resistance of Rotating Circular Saw Blades on Power Requirements in Sawing Wood and Agglomerated Materials. Jaroslav Pernica, Department of Forest and Forest Products Technology, Mendel University of Agriculture and Forestry, Brno, Czech Republic

Measurement of Surface Roughness of Coated Wood by Laser Scanning. Y. Fujiwara, K. Mori, Y. Fujii, Y. Sawada, S. Okumura, Division of Forestry, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan

Analysis of Modal Testing for Panel Saw. Y. Qi, J. Yu, Z. Zhang, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin, P.R. China

Expert Systems in Band Sawing, J. Sandak and C. Tanaka, Shimane University, Matsue, Japan.

Influence of a Natural Frequency Vibration Mode of Circular Saws with Compensation Slots on their Service Ability. V. Soloviev, and M. Pustovalova, The Arkhangelsk State Technical University, Arkhangelsk, Russia.

Research on Circular Saw Roll Tensioning in Russia: Practical Adjustment Methods. Y. Stakhiev, Department of Sawing Machines and Tools, Central Timber Research Institute (TsNIIMOD), Archangelsk, Russia

Research and Experiments Concerning the Rationalization of Sanding Technologies for Wood Surfaces. N. Taran, University of Braslov, Romania, and N. Began, Began Consulting Engineering SRI, Bucharest, Romania

Wood Surface Roughness After Face Milling by "ROTOLES" Method-Theoretical Aspect. G. Wieloch, Academy of Agriculture, Poznan, Poland

The Sanding Properties of Some Lesser-Used Timber Species. K. Frimpong-Mensah, Departgment of Wood Science Technology, University of Science Technology, Kumasi; and F. Wilson, OWUSU Forestry Research Institute, Kumasi, Ghana

Machining Accuracy for Grooving and Peripheral Milling With a CNC Router. T. Ohuchi, Kyushu University, Graduate School of Bioresource and Bioenvironmental Sciences, Kyushu, Japan, and Y. Murase, Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, Kyushu, Japan

Surface Roughness and Acoustic Emission Measurements in Radiata Pine Planed Wood. A Tool-Material Pairing Application. A. Aguilera, Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia, Chile; P-J. Meausoone, Universite Henri Poincare, Epinal, France; and P. Martin, Ecole Nationale Superiere d'Arts et Metiers, Metz, France

Surface Quality: Comparison Among Visual Grading and 2D and 3D Roughness Measurements. G. Goli, University of Florence, Florence, Italy; P. Larricq, R. Marchal, Technical Institute, Tarbes Cedex , France; M. Negri, Institute of Wood Technology, San Michele, Italy

3-D Optical Roughness Device and Surface Quality Analysis after a Milling Process. J-P. Costes and P. Larricq, University of Tarbes, France

Burr Formation in Machine through-Hole Boring of Wood Based Materials. K Banshoya, Faculty of Education, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima, Japan

Centerless Wood Rollers Grinding-Chosen Quality Results of the Process. G. Wieloch and B. Kortylewski, Academy of Agriculture, Poznan, Poland

The Study of Selected Parameters in Wood Sanding in the Dependence on Sanding Pressure. M. Siklienka and A. Ockajova, Technical University, Zvolen, Slovakia

The Proceedings of IWMS-15 are available for U.S. $125 prepaid (California residents must add 8.25% sales tax) plus handling and shipping charges; $7 in USA, $12 to Canada, $22 to Europe, $25 to Australia and Japan. To order the proceedings, contact:

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